Organizational Culture

The collection of values, expectations, and practices that guide and inform the actions of all team members.

Organizational cultural types:

Robert E. Quinn and Kim S. Cameron of the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor investigated the qualities that make businesses effective. From a list of 39 attributes, the researchers identified two key polarities: (1) internal focus and integration vs. external focus and differentiation, and (2) flexibility and discretion vs. stability and control.

These qualities are visually represented within the Competing Values Framework, which is part of the validated and widely-used Organizational Cultural Assessment Instrument. A quick Google search might pull up articles that mention anywhere from five to eight types of corporate cultures. However, Quinn and Cameron’s four types are generally accepted and appear to influence any variations.

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